The voting behavior of national minorities


    The voting behavior of minorities in a comparative perspective (2011-, ongoing project)

    Research period: 2011 -

    Research coordinators: Grigore Barna in 2011, István-Gergő Székely since 2012

    RIRNM researchers participating in the project: Grigore Barna, Tamás Kiss, István-Gergő Székely, István Horváth


    Research objectives: systematizing and analyzing election results from 1990 to 2009, as well as public opinion surveys concerning the electoral behavior of the Hungarians (2000 to 2010). Hence, we have two aims: studying electoral behavior both on aggregate level (ecological-geographical analysis based on election results) and individual level (public opinion surveys). One can remark that the second approach is feasible just in the case of sizable minority groups. For opposite cases there are no representative sociological surveys and they cannot be made.

    In 2011, a database was created comprising, on the level of the communes, the following election results: parliamentary elections from 1996 to 2008, presidential elections from 1996 to 2009 (two rounds) and elections for the European Parliament from 2007 and 2009. We included in the database the percentage of national minorities on commune level too. In 2011, the systematization of sociological surveys conducted between 2000 and 2010 was completed too. We plan to add to the database election results from 2012, as well as further statistical indicators obtained from the National Statistical Institute. Further aims to meet: thematic analyses, maps (atlas of the voting behavior of minorities), working paper.



    Database of election results


    • parliamentary elections: 1990, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2008;
    • presidential elections (two rounds): 1990, 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2009;
    • European Parliament elections: 2007, 2009;


    • number of persons eligible to vote;
    • number of persons who voted;
    • number of valid votes cast;

    Contextual variables included in the database:

    • region, type of locality, number of inhabitants of the locality, percentage of the Hungarians in the commune (city, municipality), number of Hungarian voters (estimates).

    Research report

    The database and the research report are archived at the RIRNM Documentation Centre. Please inquire about the results of this project by sending an e-mail to: