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  Muslims in Romania: Integration Models, Categorization and Social Distance

    The paper takes a stance toward acknowledging social distance as a prerequisite of incorporation, but it also argues that immigrants can be used as the "other" for debating "indigenous" identities, loyalties, and ai  liations. More precisely, the paper looks on the struggle between different proponents of Islamic religious practice as they construct the "other" and themselves in a shifting landscape of global meanings regarding Islam. When associated with the 'indigenous', the presence of the immigrants can bring to the fore internal tensions of an ethnic community and force its members to redei ne their ethnic allegiances, or establish dif erent degrees or kinds of ethnic, regional or religious 'cultural content'. This is the case especially when a quasi standardized global discourse is at hand and dif erent models of institutional integration pertain to different categories of Muslims. The paper describes two models of integration and two systems of categorization that these models engender.  

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